Assessing Risks Factors of Hispanic Adults for Type II Diabetes in Riverside County
Type II diabetes is a chronic disease that overwhelmingly affects minority populations. A unique blend of social-economic factors, self-management education, lifestyles, culture, stress, and environmental factors contribute to individuals’ risk of developing type II diabetes. Individuals are at higher risk for type II diabetes if they are over the age of 40, have excess weight, and engage in low levels of physical activity (CDC, 2021). A volunteer sample of 110 Hispanic adults participated in the study and were asked to complete a two-page International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) survey questionnaire to measure their levels of physical activity. This study aimed to examine two major risk factors for type II diabetes among Hispanic adults: BMI and physical activity. Findings from this study showed that 65.5% of males (n = 36) were overweight, and 32.2% (n = 19) of males had normal weight. Additionally, 71.6% (n = 58) of females were found to be overweight, and 25.9 % (n = 21) were normal weight. Based on the results, it is suggested that adults were not meeting the American Heart Association’s recommended 150 minutes of weekly physical activity. Public health interventions are needed to encourage individuals to increase their level of physical activity and lower their risk for type II diabetes.
A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Master of Public Health