The Contributing Factors to Anxiety and Depression Among the Chinese International Students During COVID-19

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Introduction: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak erupted worldwide in 2019, and COVID-related psychological impacts have become a pervasive issue. However, its impacts are unclear on overlooked and yet sizeable groups such as international students in the U.S. This study examined factors significantly correlated with Chinese international students’ anxiety and depression during COVID-19. Method: A cross-sectional research design was conducted in this study. A survey sample of 100 Chinese international students from three postsecondary institutions was collected to analyze their mental health status during COVID-19. Results: There is a statistically significant association found between anxiety and financial difficulty (β = 0.22, t = 2.14, p = 0.04). Remote learning (β = -1.01, t = -2.34, p = 0.02), social support (β = -0.60, t = -2.50, p = 0.01), and financial difficulty (β = 0.21, t = 2.16, p = 0.03) significantly predict depression. There was no significant difference in anxiety or depression between Chinese international students studying in the U.S. and those studying remotely in China. Discussion: The study results indicated that increased social support and remote learning satisfaction could help international students reduce depression, and reducing financial difficulties could decrease both anxiety and depression. Future studies should explore the causal link between these factors and mental health.
A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Master of Public Health
Public Health, Higher Education