Racial and Gender Disparities in COVID Hospitalization in Select California Counties

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As the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic spreads throughout the United States, evidence is mounting that racial and ethnic minorities and socioeconomically disadvantaged groups are bearing a disproportionate burden of illness and death (Ogbegbe, 2020). This study employed an observational design using secondary data from the COVID-NET, the official CDC database for COVID hospitalization rates in the United States, between March 2020 and March 2021(CDC, 2020). The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)-Associated Hospitalization Surveillance Network (COVID-NET) conducts population-based surveillance for laboratory-confirmed COVID-19-associated hospitalizations in children (persons younger than 18 years) and adults. An ANOVA test was conducted to determine whether there was a significant relationship between race/ethnicity and hospitalization rate in the three counties of California covered by the COVID-NET database, and a t-test was performed to test the relationship between hospitalization and gender. The results indicated that Hispanic/Latinos were more likely than Whites to have higher hospitalization rates. Additionally, there was no relationship between gender and COVID-19 hospitalization rate.
A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Master of Public Health
Public Health