UNDERSTANDING STUDENT SERVICEMEMBERS THROUGH THE LENS OF APA'S LAYERED ECOLOGICAL MODEL OF THE MULTICULTURAL GUIDELINES: AN INTEGRATIVE LITERATURE REVIEW
When separating from the military, there are several transition paths servicemembers can take. Due to generous increases in the GI bill, many transitioning servicemembers will elect to use their educational benefits and transition into the role of military-connected student. While this is not a new topic in the literature, there is a need to organize what we know about this population and their higher education experience in a clinically useful package. The purpose of this integrative literature review, therefore, is to synthesize the literature about this population of student servicemembers and veterans (SSM/Vs) and organize it within the APA’s layered ecological model of the multicultural guidelines. As such, this review recognizes the SSM/V population as a distinct cultural group influenced by many overarching cultural and contextual factors such as military culture, cultural incongruities/culture clash in civilian settings, pre-existing diversity factors, and more. Using a search strategy adapted from PRISMA guidelines, a literature search identified 203 clinically relevant peer-reviewed articles and edited books. Guided by the APA’s multicultural guidelines, clinical implications and recommendations for future research are also offered to better equip mental health professionals in the service of this culturally unique population of U.S. higher education students.
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Doctor of Psychology
Clinical Psychology, Military Studies