Women’s Professional Growth Trajectory in California in Times of the COVID-19 Pandemic

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The economic disruption caused by the COVID-19 Pandemic has substantial implications for gender equality and subsequent recovery. Compared to all other recent recessions, which have historically affected men's employment more severely than women's employment, the employment disruption related to social distancing protocols primarily impacted sectors with a high count of women in the employment sector. In addition, closures of schools and daycare centers increased childcare needs, which significantly impacted working mothers. The effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic on working mothers are likely to continue. Because of the current volatility in the labor market, opposing forces may ultimately cause gender inequality in the labor market. Business leaders are strategizing ways to adopt flexible work arrangements quickly. Diversity, equity, and inclusion will also be a significant focus to ensure that women are included in the workforce. Many fathers have now had to take primary responsibility for childcare, which may erode existing social norms. This may ultimately lead to a redistribution in the division of labor.
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Doctor of Business Administration
Business Administration, Leadership